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...:: گنجینه زبان من / My English Treasure::... - Learning Prefixes and Suffixes
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Knowing the Greek and Latin roots of several prefixes and suffixes (beginning and endings attached to words) can also help us determine the meaning of words.

Prefixes showing quantity

Meaning

Prefixes in English Words

half

semiannual, hemisphere

one

unicycle, monarchy, monorail

two

binary, bimonthly, dilemma, dichotomy

hundred

century, centimeter, hectoliter

Thousand

millimeter, kilometer

 



 

Prefixes showing negation

without, no, not

asexual, anonymous, illegal, immoral, invalid, irreverent, unskilled

not, absence of, opposing, against

nonbreakable, antacid, antipathy, contradict

opposite to, complement to

counterclockwise, counterweight

do the opposite of, remove, reduce

dehorn, devitalize, devalue

do the opposite of, deprive of

disestablish, disarm

wrongly, bad

misjudge, misdeed

 

Prefixes showing time

before

antecedent, forecast, precede, prologue

after

postwar

again

rewrite, redundant


 

 

Prefixes showing direction or position

above, over

supervise, supererogatory

across, over

transport, translate

below, under

infrasonic, infrastructure, subterranean, hypodermic

in front of

proceed, prefix

behind

recede

out of

erupt, explicit, ecstasy

into

injection, immerse, encourage, empower

around

circumnavigate, perimeter

with

coexist, colloquy, communicate, consequence, correspond, sympathy, synchronize

Suffixes, on the other hand, modify the meaning of a word and frequently determine its function within a sentence. Take the noun nation, for example. With suffixes, the word becomes the adjective national, the adverb nationally, and the verb nationalize.

See what words you can come up with that use the following suffixes.

1.      Typical noun suffixes are -ence, -ance, -or, -er, -ment, -list, -ism, -ship, -ency, -sion, -tion, -ness, -hood, -dom

2.      Typical verb suffixes are -en, -ify, -ize, -ate

3.      Typical adjective suffixes are -able, -ible, -al, -tial, -tic, -ly, -ful, -ous, -tive, -less, -ish, -ulent

4.      The adverb suffix is -ly (although not all words that end in -ly are adverbs—like friendly)



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